Causes and symptoms of cervical cancer: People who have cervical cancer have a type of cancer that comes from inside their womb. It comes from the neck of the womb (uterus). There is a lot of cervical cancer in India. It makes up 16.5 percent of all cancers in Indian women. About 160 million women between the ages of 30 and 59 are at risk of getting cervical cancer, and it can happen to anyone. There are about 1,23,907 cases of cervical cancer in India every year, and 77,348 people die from it. Women between the ages of 35 and 44 are most likely to get cervical cancer. The average age at diagnosis is 50, but it can happen at any age. Most women who are younger than 20 don’t get it.
Causes Of Cervical Cancer?
In most cases of cervical cancer, its caused by a virus called HPV. It takes a long time, about 15-20 years, to get cervical cancer if this virus stays around. The risk goes up if you have unprotected sex with multiple partners, smoke, don’t wash your hands, and get infections like HIV.
How can you lessen the chance of cervical cancer?
People are happy to hear that they can stop it from happening. The most important thing you can do to help prevent cervical cancer is to get vaccinated as soon as possible. Also, get checked out regularly. The HPV vaccine protects against the types of HPV that cause cervical cancer, which is why it is important for people to get the vaccine every year. A child as young as 12 can get it. However, the sooner a woman is vaccinated, the more protection she will have against the virus. Starting at 15 years old, it’s best to take three doses a day (0 dose, 2 months, 6 months). There should be two doses six months apart for children under the age of 15 who need them. This vaccine has been shown to be safe, so it’s good to get it.
Second, the Pap smear is a screening test that is done every three years. Internal examination: The cervix is seen with the help of a small brush or wooden spatula. This is then smeared on a glass slide for the pathologist to look at and report on. As long as the smear is normal, it can be done again in 3 years. If any precancerous changes are found, they can be taken care of based on how bad they are. The first time you have one done, make sure you get it. From the age of 25 or three years after having sex, to the age of 65, one can have it.
The WHO started a project to get rid of cervical cancer in 2018. It says that by 2030,
- every country must have 90% of its girls fully vaccinated before the age of 15;
- 70% of women must be screened by the age of 35;
- 90% of women with pre-cancer must be treated;
- 90% of women with invasive cancer must be managed.
These 90-70-90 goals will help get rid of cervical cancer in the next century.
What are some of the symptoms of cervical cancer?
The good thing about cervical cancer is that there are ways to screen for it. There are, however, some symptoms of cervical cancer that may show up later in the disease process. These are some of the possible side effects:
- There is a lot of bleeding during and between periods
- Sex makes you bleed.
- bleeding after menopause is called menopause bleeding
- Blood-stained vaginal discharge that smells or has a bad smell.
- Pelvic and back pain
We hope that you and your daughters will think about getting vaccinated against HPV this month. Also, don’t forget to get your Pap smear done soon.
Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet.